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农村经济好于预期农民收入稳步增长——2020年全市农业经济形势分析

来源单位:市统计局 发布时间:2021-05-11 16:50 访问量:

    2020年(nian),在(zai)市(shi)(shi)委市(shi)(shi)政府坚强领导下(xia),全(quan)(quan)市(shi)(shi)上(shang)下(xia)认真贯彻落实中央(yang)和(he)省委一号文件精(jing)神(shen),统(tong)筹抓(zhua)好新冠肺炎疫(yi)情防控和(he)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)村工作,着(zhe)力推进(jin)脱贫攻坚和(he)乡(xiang)村振兴(xing)有效衔接(jie),围绕“六稳”“六保”要求,加快农(nong)业(ye)(ye)一二三(san)产业(ye)(ye)融(rong)合发展,农(nong)业(ye)(ye)经济呈现短暂(zan)下(xia)跌(die)、继而(er)反转的(de)(de)态势(shi),全(quan)(quan)年(nian)农(nong)林(lin)牧渔业(ye)(ye)增加值由一季度的(de)(de)下(xia)降0.5%转为全(quan)(quan)年(nian)增长2.2%,全(quan)(quan)市(shi)(shi)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)持续向(xiang)(xiang)好向(xiang)(xiang)优发展的(de)(de)态势(shi)进(jin)一步(bu)巩固。
    一、农业生(sheng)产基本(ben)情况
    2020年,全市(shi)农(nong)林牧渔业实(shi)现总产(chan)值453.8亿元(yuan),按可比价(jia)计算(suan),同(tong)比增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)2.4%,增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)速居全省第(di)6位。其中:农(nong)业产(chan)值199.4亿元(yuan),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)2.4%;林业产(chan)值47.1亿元(yuan),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)3.2%;牧业产(chan)值155.1亿元(yuan),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)2.1%;渔业产(chan)值42.5亿元(yuan),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)1.7%;农(nong)林牧渔专业及辅助性活动产(chan)值9.6亿元(yuan),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)8.0%。
    1.粮(liang)食(shi)生产(chan)(chan)“十七连丰”。全年粮(liang)食(shi)播(bo)种面(mian)积(ji)60.9万(wan)公(gong)(gong)顷(qing),增(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.2%;产(chan)(chan)量345.7万(wan)吨,居全省第(di)五位。分(fen)类(lei)看,夏(xia)粮(liang)丰产(chan)(chan)增(zeng)收(shou)。2020年,夏(xia)粮(liang)播(bo)种面(mian)积(ji)15.9万(wan)公(gong)(gong)顷(qing),增(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.3%;产(chan)(chan)量72.2万(wan)吨,增(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)3.9%,比上年提高5.8个(ge)百分(fen)点(dian),增(zeng)速高于全省3个(ge)百分(fen)点(dian)。早稻(dao)(dao)(dao)受灾减(jian)产(chan)(chan)。早稻(dao)(dao)(dao)播(bo)种面(mian)积(ji)0.6万(wan)公(gong)(gong)顷(qing),增(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.7%;总产(chan)(chan)量3.0万(wan)吨,下(xia)(xia)降10.6%。秋粮(liang)产(chan)(chan)量下(xia)(xia)降。中(zhong)稻(dao)(dao)(dao)和(he)一季晚稻(dao)(dao)(dao)、双(shuang)季晚稻(dao)(dao)(dao)、秋收(shou)豆(dou)类(lei)薯类(lei)等(deng)秋粮(liang)作物(wu)种植(zhi)面(mian)积(ji)共(gong)44.4万(wan)公(gong)(gong)顷(qing),增(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang)0.2%;因洪(hong)涝灾害影响,产(chan)(chan)量270.5万(wan)吨,下(xia)(xia)降1.4%。
    2.蔬菜、水果(guo)等经济作物增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)势头强劲。2020年我市(shi)蔬菜播(bo)种面(mian)(mian)积为(wei)5.6万(wan)(wan)公顷(qing),增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)4.4%;累计实现产量(liang)127.8万(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)4.9%。油菜籽播(bo)种面(mian)(mian)积为(wei)4万(wan)(wan)公顷(qing),增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)1.9%;产量(liang)8.3万(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)2.6%。瓜(gua)果(guo)类(lei)产量(liang)7.1万(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),园林水果(guo)产量(liang)22.5万(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),茶叶产量(liang)2.8万(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),分别增长(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)2.2%、16.9%、1.7%。
    3.肉类(lei)稳(wen)产(chan)(chan)(chan)保供(gong)工作成效(xiao)凸显(xian)。我市加快(kuai)落实生(sheng)猪(zhu)(zhu)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)支持政策(ce),养殖户补(bu)栏(lan)积(ji)极性(xing)不断(duan)提(ti)高(gao),生(sheng)猪(zhu)(zhu)产(chan)(chan)(chan)能快(kuai)速恢复。2020年(nian),生(sheng)猪(zhu)(zhu)出(chu)栏(lan)186.1万(wan)头,下降(jiang)(jiang)5.5%,降(jiang)(jiang)幅较前三季度收窄3.6个百分点;年(nian)末存栏(lan)130.5万(wan)头,增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)24.8%,其中(zhong)能繁母猪(zhu)(zhu)存栏(lan)8.2万(wan)头,较上年(nian)同(tong)期增(zeng)(zeng)加了(le)2.6万(wan)头,增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)46.0%,生(sheng)猪(zhu)(zhu)稳(wen)产(chan)(chan)(chan)保供(gong)持续向(xiang)好。全年(nian)肉类(lei)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)量31.2万(wan)吨,其中(zhong),猪(zhu)(zhu)肉15.4万(wan)吨,下降(jiang)(jiang)6.8%;牛肉0.37万(wan)吨,增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)4.6%;羊肉0.88万(wan)吨,增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)10.5%;禽(qin)肉14.5万(wan)吨,增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)4.4%。禽(qin)蛋产(chan)(chan)(chan)量10.5万(wan)吨,增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)2.6%。牛羊禽(qin)肉、禽(qin)蛋产(chan)(chan)(chan)量保持稳(wen)定(ding)(ding)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang),一定(ding)(ding)程(cheng)度缓(huan)解(jie)了(le)猪(zhu)(zhu)肉产(chan)(chan)(chan)品供(gong)应紧(jin)张的形势。
    4.渔业保持(chi)持(chi)续健(jian)康发展的良好势(shi)头。近年(nian)来,我市依托资源优势(shi),深(shen)入推(tui)进实施以小龙虾养殖为(wei)主的稻渔综合种(zhong)养,目前总(zong)(zong)面(mian)积(ji)(ji)达105万亩(mu)(mu)左(zuo)右(you),是(shi)全省唯(wei)一面(mian)积(ji)(ji)跨(kua)越(yue)百万亩(mu)(mu)的市。2020年(nian)全市水(shui)产(chan)品总(zong)(zong)产(chan)量(liang)23.3万吨(dun),其中养殖产(chan)量(liang)21.6万吨(dun),捕捞产(chan)量(liang)1.7万吨(dun)。全年(nian)渔业产(chan)值(zhi)42.5亿元,占农林牧渔业总(zong)(zong)产(chan)值(zhi)的比(bi)重为(wei)9.4%。
    5.乡村(cun)(cun)新型服务(wu)业(ye)步(bu)伐加快(kuai)(kuai),农(nong)(nong)民(min)收入稳定(ding)增(zeng)长。新型农(nong)(nong)业(ye)经营主体(ti)(ti)逐(zhu)步(bu)壮大,全市经工(gong)商注册农(nong)(nong)民(min)专业(ye)合作社(she)、家庭农(nong)(nong)场达到(dao)26584家,培育农(nong)(nong)业(ye)社(she)会化服务(wu)组织2158个(ge),全程社(she)会化农(nong)(nong)事服务(wu)中心80个(ge)。乡村(cun)(cun)信息(xi)产业(ye)快(kuai)(kuai)速(su)(su)(su)发(fa)展,2020年(nian)省级农(nong)(nong)业(ye)物(wu)(wu)联网(wang)示范点18个(ge);益农(nong)(nong)信息(xi)社(she)1560个(ge),目前全市益农(nong)(nong)信息(xi)社(she)行(xing)政(zheng)村(cun)(cun)覆盖率87%。大力发(fa)展农(nong)(nong)产品电(dian)(dian)子商务(wu),全市共培育农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)产品上(shang)行(xing)超千万元的电(dian)(dian)商经营主体(ti)(ti)10家,农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)产品网(wang)销额(e)超110亿元,增(zeng)长18.0%。同时加快(kuai)(kuai)推进(jin)“快(kuai)(kuai)递(di)(di)进(jin)村(cun)(cun)”,全市建成集客运(yun)、物(wu)(wu)流(liu)、邮政(zheng)、快(kuai)(kuai)递(di)(di)等为一体(ti)(ti)的乡镇运(yun)输服务(wu)站130个(ge)。农(nong)(nong)民(min)收入增(zeng)速(su)(su)(su)也呈逐(zhu)步(bu)回升趋势,2020年(nian)全市农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)常住居民(min)人均可支配收入14449元,同比增(zeng)长9.1%,增(zeng)速(su)(su)(su)连续11个(ge)季度居全省首位。
    二、需要关注的问题
    1.农(nong)业(ye)抗灾(zai)害能力有待提高(gao)。2020年(nian),强(qiang)降雨形成的洪水(shui)造(zao)(zao)成许多村庄、农(nong)田受淹,部(bu)分基础设施年(nian)代(dai)久远且(qie)损(sun)毁严重,主动(dong)应对旱(han)涝(lao)灾(zai)害能力不(bu)足。洪涝(lao)灾(zai)害对我市农(nong)业(ye)生产(chan)(chan)造(zao)(zao)成不(bu)利影响,早稻和(he)秋粮(liang)合计减(jian)产(chan)(chan)4.2万吨,拉动(dong)全市粮(liang)食产(chan)(chan)量(liang)负增长1.2个百分点,是导致全年(nian)粮(liang)食减(jian)产(chan)(chan)的主要因素(su)。
    2.农(nong)村居民(min)收(shou)(shou)入(ru)的(de)水平相(xiang)对偏低。2020年,我市农(nong)村常住居民(min)人均可支配(pei)(pei)收(shou)(shou)入(ru)分别相(xiang)当(dang)于(yu)全(quan)省、全(quan)国的(de)86.9%、84.3%,与全(quan)省平均收(shou)(shou)入(ru)差距2171元,居全(quan)省第14位(wei),在长三(san)角所有地(di)市中(zhong),仅高于(yu)省内的(de)阜(fu)阳和宿州(zhou)。从收(shou)(shou)入(ru)结构看,经营净收(shou)(shou)入(ru)占比37.3%、增长6.2%,低于(yu)农(nong)村常住居民(min)人均可支配(pei)(pei)收(shou)(shou)入(ru)增速2.9个(ge)百分点(dian),制约了总体增长水平。
    3.农(nong)业融合发(fa)展的(de)水平仍需提(ti)高。2020年(nian),全(quan)市(shi)农(nong)产品加工(gong)业产值同比(bi)下(xia)降6.5%,与(yu)农(nong)林(lin)牧渔(yu)业总产值增速反(fan)(fan)差(cha)8.9个百(bai)分点,居(ju)全(quan)省第11位。县区间(jian)表现的(de)差(cha)异明显。霍邱县、裕安区、金寨县、舒城县农(nong)产品加工(gong)产值分别下(xia)降22.5%、20.5%、10.3%和(he)10.3%,均与(yu)其农(nong)林(lin)牧渔(yu)业总产值增速形成(cheng)反(fan)(fan)差(cha),需要(yao)引起高度关注(zhu)。
    三(san)、措施建(jian)议
    1.增强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)防风险抗(kang)灾(zai)(zai)害能(neng)力(li)。加强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)基础(chu)设施建设,是提高(gao)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)抗(kang)灾(zai)(zai)避(bi)灾(zai)(zai)能(neng)力(li)的关键手段。有(you)针对性的加强(qiang)(qiang)水利工程建设,加大对农(nong)(nong)田基础(chu)设施和(he)生(sheng)态环境的投入力(li)度,切实(shi)巩固农(nong)(nong)田水利基础(chu)设施,提高(gao)抗(kang)旱排涝(lao)能(neng)力(li),为(wei)农(nong)(nong)作物生(sheng)产丰收提供有(you)力(li)保障(zhang)。
    2.继(ji)续(xu)优化农业(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)构(gou)。2020年,我市(shi)全年经济作物面积12.5万公顷(qing),占农作物总播(bo)种(zhong)面积的17%,产(chan)(chan)值达到种(zhong)植业(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)值的54.7%,经济效益显著(zhu)。下一(yi)步,要继(ji)续(xu)以农业(ye)(ye)(ye)供(gong)给侧结(jie)构(gou)性改(gai)革为主线,加快(kuai)推(tui)进农业(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)构(gou)调整(zheng),推(tui)进种(zhong)植业(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)(ti)质增效。要不断加快(kuai)农业(ye)(ye)(ye)融合发(fa)展,延伸农业(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)链,提(ti)(ti)高农业(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化规(gui)模水平(ping)、效益水平(ping)。
    3.继(ji)续加(jia)(jia)快农(nong)(nong)(nong)村居民(min)(min)(min)增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)步伐。牢牢把握乡村振兴(xing)战略机遇,千方(fang)百(bai)计(ji)提(ti)高(gao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村居民(min)(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)水(shui)平。扶持农(nong)(nong)(nong)村个私经济和小微企业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),加(jia)(jia)大(da)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)就业(ye)(ye)(ye)创业(ye)(ye)(ye)扶持力度,充分(fen)(fen)挖(wa)掘(jue)工资(zi)性(xing)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)潜(qian)力;发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)现(xian)代农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)、提(ti)升产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)水(shui)平、加(jia)(jia)快发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)乡村休闲旅游(you)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)等,充分(fen)(fen)挖(wa)掘(jue)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)经营性(xing)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)潜(qian)力;培育壮大(da)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)合作组织、大(da)力推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村产(chan)(chan)权制度改革、壮大(da)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)村级经济实(shi)力,充分(fen)(fen)挖(wa)掘(jue)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)财产(chan)(chan)性(xing)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)潜(qian)力;加(jia)(jia)大(da)强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)惠农(nong)(nong)(nong)富(fu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)政策落实(shi)力度,提(ti)高(gao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)保障水(shui)平,有效挖(wa)掘(jue)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)转移性(xing)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)潜(qian)力。

 
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